If you participate in what’s now called the “sharing economy”, you may have some tax to pay.
What is the sharing economy?
The Australian Tax Office (ATO) says the sharing economy is a new way of “connecting buyers (‘users’) with sellers (‘providers’) for economic activity”. That definition includes a host of new services like Airbnb, Uber, AirTasker and MenuLog.
For the last few months the Tax Office has been fighting with Uber to introduce goods and services tax (GST) on its share-drivers (that is, everyday people who decide to become casual Uber employees).
Are you part of the sharing economy?
The Tax Office maintains that Uber drivers are viewed as being independent contractors, so they’re required to register for GST like normal taxi drivers – no matter what their yearly earnings are.
The Tax Office says you’re participating in the sharing economy if you:
- rent out or let a room or other property for accommodation
- rent out or let a car parking space
- provide odd jobs, errands, deliveries or more skilled services on an ad-hoc basis, or
- use a car to transport members of the public for a fare (Uber).
Earning assessable income from the providing sharing economy services
Providing a sharing economy service for money most likely means you’re earning assessable income. And that’s what the Tax Office wants to tax – even if you’re not “carrying on a business” in doing so.
So if you’re earning assessable income from providing sharing economy services, you’ll need to keep records of:
- income from that activity, and
- any allowable deductions (apportioned for private use)
The Tax Office says
These records will help you to include these amounts in a tax return, and pay any tax owing from your activities on time.
Goods and Services Tax (GST) for the sharing economy
If you provide sharing economy services (like those listed above) and you earn money from those services, you’re carrying on an enterprise even if you’re not registered as a business.
So, if your annual turnover from that enterprise activity exceeds $75,000 you’ll need to register for GST. That’s not counting Uber drivers — if you provide “taxi travel” you need to be registered regardless of your turnover.
If you do end up registering for GST, you need to:
- charge GST when you make a taxable supply
- claim any input tax credits you are entitled to for related purchases, and
- lodge an activity statement and remit any net GST from your activities.